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体外定向诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞向许旺细胞样细胞分化的研究

周丽娜 崔晓军 苏开鑫 王晓红 蔡雪彦 郭金华 雷林忠

周丽娜, 崔晓军, 苏开鑫, 等. 体外定向诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞向许旺细胞样细胞分化的研究[J]. 器官移植, 2015, 6(2): 105-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2015.02.008
引用本文: 周丽娜, 崔晓军, 苏开鑫, 等. 体外定向诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞向许旺细胞样细胞分化的研究[J]. 器官移植, 2015, 6(2): 105-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2015.02.008
Zhou Lina, Cui Xiaojun, Su Kaixin, et al. Induction of Schwann cell-like differentiation in bone mesenchymal stem cell of adult rat in vitro[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2015, 6(2): 105-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2015.02.008
Citation: Zhou Lina, Cui Xiaojun, Su Kaixin, et al. Induction of Schwann cell-like differentiation in bone mesenchymal stem cell of adult rat in vitro[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2015, 6(2): 105-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2015.02.008

体外定向诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞向许旺细胞样细胞分化的研究

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2015.02.008
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 81401022

湛江市科技公关计划项目 2012C3102012

广东医学院科研基金项目青年基金 Q2009006

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    周丽娜, Email:21456783@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R617

Induction of Schwann cell-like differentiation in bone mesenchymal stem cell of adult rat in vitro

More Information
  • 摘要:   目的  探讨体外定向诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞(BMSC)向许旺细胞样细胞转化的有效方法。  方法  分别进行成年大鼠许旺细胞原代培养和BMSC分离培养。根据诱导方法不同, 分为化学诱导组和共培养诱导组。采用显微镜观察许旺细胞和BMSC的生长情况, 分别采用免疫荧光化学染色法[检测神经胶质纤维酸性蛋白(GFAP)抗体和S-100抗体等许旺细胞标志蛋白]和流式细胞术鉴定两种细胞; 显微镜下动态观察两组细胞的形态和生长情况; 共培养诱导组共培养3 d后, 化学诱导组诱导作用4 h、1 d后分别采用免疫荧光化学染色的方法评估两组细胞的诱导分化情况。  结果  化学诱导组诱导后的细胞发生了明显的许旺细胞样细胞形态改变, 预诱导4 h后即出现GFAP抗体表达阳性, 维持诱导1 d后, GFAP抗体阳性表达率为(80.9±3.5)%, S-100抗体阳性表达率为(59.0±1.1)%。诱导2 d后分化细胞开始出现脱落死亡, 3 d后大部分分化细胞脱落死亡。共培养诱导组共培养3 d后, 被诱导的BMSC未出现类似化学诱导组明显的细胞形态改变, GFAP抗体阳性表达率为(89.8±2.4)%, S-100抗体阳性表达率为(80.9±1.7)%。共培养诱导组S-100、GFAP抗体阳性表达率均高于化学诱导组, 差异均有统计学意义(均为P < 0.01)。  结论  共培养诱导法不仅对BMSC向许旺细胞样细胞定向分化具有明确的效果, 而且对BMSC的存活和增殖均有促进作用, 因此该法相对于化学诱导法更加安全和有效。

     

  • 图  1  化学诱导法和共培养诱导法诱导成年大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞向许旺细胞样细胞分化的荧光鉴定图

    注:A~D图为化学诱导组维持诱导液诱导1 d后,细胞中S-100、GFAP抗体的表达情况,其中A图为S-100抗体,B图为GFAP抗体,C图为Hoechst,D图为前三者重合图像(×200);E~H图为共培养诱导组共培养3 d后,细胞中S-100、GFAP抗体的表达情况,其中E图为S-100抗体,F图为GFAP抗体,G图为Hoechst,H图为前三者重合图像(×200);I~L图为对照组未经诱导的BMSC中S-100、GFAP抗体的表达情况,其中I图为S-100抗体,J图为GFAP抗体,K图为Hoechst,L图为前三者重合图像(×200);M图为原代培养的许旺细胞(S-100抗体,×200);N~P图为化学诱导组在预诱导4 h后, 被诱导的BMSC细胞形态未出现明显变化,但已经表达GFAP抗体,其中N图为GFAP抗体,O图为Hoechst,P图为前两者重合图像(×100)

    Figure  1.  Fluorescent identification figures of Schwann cell-like differentiation in BMSC of adult rat in vitro by co-culture with Schwann cells and chemical induction

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-10
  • 刊出日期:  2015-03-01

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